CWB Strategic Plan for 2019

The Central Weather Bureau's (CWB's) mission is to promote modernized meteorological observation, refine meteorological forecasts, and provide diversified channels of information dissemination, by increasing both land and sea observation coverage rate, customized disastrous warning service rate, QPF ability improvement rate, meteorological observation capability and total service efficiency, so as to improve the quality of its meteorological services and better fulfill its role in disaster prevention and mitigation and economic development promotion. In accordance with the Annual Administrative Policies of Executive Yuan and the CWB mid-term programs, the CWB 2019 strategic plan has been formulated on the basis of the ratified budget with the following emphases to meet its future development goals and the society's needs:

I. Upgrading meteorological observation facilities and enhancing weather monitoring ability:

  1. Continuing the development of meteorological satellite data application products. Tasks include increase of usability of satellite products in typhoon and heavy rain monitoring, analysis and forecast operations; development of insolation and aerosol optical thickness products for green energy and air quality applications; and enhancement of the ability of weather system monitoring.
  2. Integrating marine meteorological observation system to promote efficacy of information application. Main tasks include: maintenance of 26 inshore tide stations and 9 data collecting buoys, improvement of wave, storm surge and sea current forecasting techniques, and establishment of marine data application platform for better marine services.
  3. Conducting the six-year project of "Enhancement of Environmental Monitoring for Disaster Prevention with Marine and Weather Observation Network (2015-2020)." Tasks include:
    (1) Relocating the Qigu Radar and making an upgrade to dual-polarization to enhance its ability of precipitation monitoring, renewing and strengthening the weather observation network in Yilan, Hualien, Taitung, and Hengchun Peninsula areas, and calibrating the on-site instruments to collect rainfall data every 10 minutes and to improve precipitation monitoring.
    (2) Implementing a network of data collecting buoys, tsunami warning buoys and land-based radars for detecting waves and currents to extend the range of marine monitoring, increase the warning time to 4 hours, and obtain 15 to 20 minutes of tsunami response time.
    (3) Implementing marine environmental disaster prevention service system and wave-tide coupled surge prediction system, integrating marine meteorological information, and increasing the efficiency of marine disaster prevention information applications.
    (4) Implementing remote sensing disaster prevention service system, developing normalized difference vegetation index (NVDI) and tropical cyclone intensity analysis auxiliary information, and developing convection initiation monitoring and forecast techniques for disaster prevention and response decision-making.
  4. Commencing the six-year project of "Enhancing Weather Radar for Disaster Prevention and Warning (2019-2024)". Main tasks include:
    (1) Upgrading Kenting and Hualian weather radar systems, enhancing Wufenshan radar system, maintaining regional disaster prevention rainfall radar network, implementing weather radar warning decision-making auxiliary system, and continuing the supply of high-resolution (2min/250m) rainfall data for the purpose of weather monitoring, water resource management, civil engineering and construction operations, etc.
    (2) Integrating radar data of East Asian countries, improving radar data processing and analyzing techniques, developing techniques of big data mining and fitting of radar observation and NWP data, developing weather monitoring and warning products for large areas, and providing real-time severe weather monitoring information for emergency agencies such as Water Resources Agency, Soil and Water Conservation Bureau, National Fire Agency, Central Disaster Emergency Operation Center, National Science and Technology Center for Disaster Reduction, and local governments.

II. Enhancing technical development and advancing auxiliary systems of weather forecasting:

  1. Continuing the four-year project of "Toward Smart Weather Information Application and Service I (2016-2019)." Main tasks include:
    (1) Continuing the implementation of weather big data platform with data-on-demand function, integrating weather data supply services and improving their efficiency, increasing the percentage of Odata four-star rating open data; speeding up the calculation of NWP models on supercomputers; establishing 6 climate stations in the Taiwan Strait and on outlaying islands; setting up the intelligent network management system and a new backbone network for weather stations.
    (2) Implementing interdisciplinary weather service application platform, actively providing weather services, and developing decision-making indexes for users; building a new-generation modularized Quantitative Precipitation Estimation and Segregation Using Multiple Sensor (QPESUMS) integrated with GIS to raise the efficacy of weather information application for government disaster prevention operations; establishing an integrated phenological observation information system to provide local climate information service; and improving the Taiwan Weather APP as well as the accessibility CWB's official website.
    (3) Continuing the improvement of global ensemble prediction system and a new version of ocean-atmosphere coupled climate model, providing temperature and precipitation forecast guidance of the second week, localizing and customizing the new-generation forecast decision-making auxiliary system, and upgrading NWP automatic control system.
  2. Conducting the four-year project of "Applications and Services of Meteorological Information to Green Energy (2017-2020)." Main tasks include:
    (1) Analyzing 1km-resolution wind energy density of selected regions and deriving solar insolation from satellite data to construct global solar radiation analysis data model, in order to build a prototype of new green power evaluation information system for wind and solar power generation development.
    (2) Enhancing green power related global model products of 15 km resolution, improving hourly regional model (WRF) short-term (12 hours) forecast of 2 km resolution, developing wind energy statistics and risk prediction system of WRF model to improve green power generation forecast system, and expanding weather information green power management database system for green power development and applications of both academics and industry.
  3. Continuing the four-year project of "Creating a Favorable Environment for Agriculture and Fisheries with Customized Weather and Climate Information (2018-2021)." Main tasks include:
    (1) Continuing the exploitation of customized interdisciplinary fishery applications, accomplishing sea surface temperature and water color satellite imagery products of cloudless areas, simulating and analyzing upwelling current and thermocline of seas around Taiwan, for Fisheries Research Institute's study of fishery resources distribution and for the fishing industry and government agencies' use.
    (2) Adjusting the coupling of CWB high-resolution global NWP model and multi-scale Taiwan community oceanic model to build a customized system to provide the information of weather and ocean variables, including sea temperature, sea salt, sea current, etc., for interdisciplinary fishery applications.
    (3) Continuing the exploitation of customized interdisciplinary applications for agricultural purposes, analyzing the 2-4 week forecast ability of NWP models, and accomplishing the development of high-resolution grid temperature and precipitation forecast techniques for the second week, to provide forecast information so that the agricultural sector can take necessary precautions and reduce damage.
  4. 4. Commencing the six-year project of "Improving the Disaster Prevention Warning Techniques of Weather Radar (2019-2024)." Main tasks include:
    (1) Developing data assimilation techniques of dual polarization radar, and incorporating big data mining techniques and convective cell tracking techniques, to improve the accuracy of QPF within 6 hours.
    (2) Adjusting the severe weather nowcasting operational threshold of Wufenshan dual polarization radar, improving the detection and warning accuracy of convection analyzing and nowcasting system, and establishing an integrated radar auxiliary system for Taiwan severe weather warning operations.

III. Increasing the efficacy of earthquake monitoring:

  1. Adding 50 high-quality seismic stations and aiming to reduce the average warning time to 10 seconds after a medium- or large-scale earthquake in inland Taiwan.
  2. Promoting application efficacy of real-time earthquake information for disaster prevention purposes and continuing to use Public Warning System (PWS) to disseminate earthquake rapid reporting messages, and cooperating with other organizations or TV stations to disseminate earthquake information in real time.
  3. Continuing to integrate the Geophysical Database Management System (GDMS) products and its services for use by governmental open databases and the academia.
  4. Continuing to collect various geophysical observation data, develop observation method of earthquake precursors, and further the research on earthquake precursor analysis.

IV. Strengthening meteorological services and meteorological disaster prevention outreach programs:

  1. Commencing the two-year sub-project of "Enhancement of Small-scale Nowcasting System" to improve the abilities of disastrous weather forecasting and monitoring, provide refined nowcasting information and warning process, and enhance warning operation and disaster prevention information service.
  2. Delivering meteorological information in plain language, and promoting disaster prevention and climate change awareness through public education and outreach programs.
  3. Continuing to upgrade the customized QPESUMS for 18 organizations, including the Directorate General of Highways, the Civil Aeronautics Administration, the Taiwan International Ports Corporation, the Naval Meteorological and Oceanographic Office, the National Airborne Service Corps (NASC) and the Coast Guard Administration (CGA) for the purpose of public transportation and national defense and rescue, and to increase the users of QPESUMS customized services.